Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Commitments and Contingencies

Commitments and Contingencies
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]  
Commitments and Contingencies
Commitments and Contingencies
Operating Leases
The Company leases its principal office space under a nine-year operating lease. Within the provisions of the office lease, there are escalations in payments over the base lease term, as well as renewal periods and cancellation provisions. The effects of the escalations have been reflected in rent expense on a straight-line basis over the expected lease term. In addition, the Company leases other office spaces as principal offices for our subsidiaries PCA, PFI and C&C. The Company also leases office equipment under operating leases that expire over the next four years. The Company’s leases require payments of property taxes, insurance and maintenance costs in addition to the lease payments. Additionally, the Company leases several off-site storage facilities, used to store equipment and materials, under a month to month lease arrangement. Lastly, the Company has several lease agreements to lease certain equipment from time to time over a 60-month term. The leased equipment is used in our electrical construction operations. The Company recognizes rent expense on a straight-line basis over the expected lease term.
Future minimum lease payments under operating leases having initial or remaining non-cancelable lease terms in excess of one year as of December 31, 2018 are as follows:



2022 and beyond

Total minimum operating lease payments

Total expense for the operating leases were $4.7 million and $4.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
Performance Bonds
In certain circumstances, the Company is required to provide performance bonds to secure its contractual commitments. Management is not aware of any performance bond issued for the Company that has ever been called by a customer. As of December 31, 2018, outstanding performance bonds issued on behalf of the Company’s electrical construction subsidiaries amounted to approximately $46.4 million.
Collective Bargaining Agreements
C&C, one of the Company’s electrical construction subsidiaries, is party to collective bargaining agreements with unions representing workers performing field construction operations. The collective bargaining agreements expire at various times and have typically been renegotiated and renewed on terms similar to the ones contained in the expiring agreements. The agreements require the subsidiary to pay specified wages, provide certain benefits to their respective union employees and contribute certain amounts to multi-employer pension plans and employee benefit trusts. The subsidiary’s multi-employer pension plan contribution rates generally are specified in the collective bargaining agreements (usually on an annual basis), and contributions are made to the plans on a “pay-as-you-go” basis based on such subsidiary’s union employee payrolls, which cannot be determined for future periods because contributions depend on, among other things, the number of union employees that such subsidiary employs at any given time; the plans in which it may participate vary depending on the projects it has ongoing at any time; and the need for union resources in connection with those projects. If the subsidiary withdraws from, or otherwise terminates its participation in, one or more multi-employer pension plans, or if the plans were to otherwise become substantially underfunded, such subsidiary could be assessed liabilities for additional contributions related to the underfunding of these plans. The Company is not aware of any amounts of withdrawal liability that have been incurred as a result of a withdrawal by C&C from any multi-employer defined benefit pension plans.
Multi-employer Pension Plans 
The Company contributes to a multi-employer pension plan on behalf of employees covered by collective bargaining agreements. These plans are administered jointly by management and union representatives and cover substantially all full-time and certain part-time union employees who are not covered by other plans. The risks of participating in multi-employer plans are different from single-employer plans in the following aspects: (1) assets contributed to the multi-employer plan by one employer may be used to provide benefits to employees of other participating employers, (2) if a participating employer stops contributing to the plan, the unfunded obligations of the plan may be borne by the remaining participating employers, and (3) if the Company chooses to stop participating in a multi-employer plan, we could, under certain circumstances, be liable for unfunded vested benefits or other expenses of jointly administered union/management plans. At this time, we have not established any liabilities because withdrawal from these plans is not probable. For the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the contributions to these plans were $227,000 and $180,000, respectively.
The Company’s participation in multi-employer pension plans is outlined in the table below. The EIN column provides the Employer Identification Number (“EIN”) of the plan. Unless otherwise noted, the most recent Pension Protection Act zone status available in 2018 and 2017 is for the plan’s year ended December 31, 2018, and 2017, respectively. The zone status is based on information that the Company received from the plan, and is certified by the plan’s actuary. Among other factors, plans in the red zone are generally less than 65% funded, plans in the yellow zone are less than 80% funded, and plans in the green zone are at least 80% funded. The “FIP” column indicates plans for which a financial improvement plan (“FIP”) is either pending or has been implemented. The last column lists the expiration date(s) of the collective-bargaining agreement(s) to which the plans are subject. There have been no significant changes in the number of Company employees covered by the multi-employer plans or other significant events that would impact the comparability of contributions to the plans.
Information about the Plan is publicly available on Form 5500, Annual Return / Report of Employee Benefit Plan. The Plan year-end is December 31st and no single employer contributes 5% or more of total plan contributions.
Certified Zone Status
Plan  Name:
EIN Number
Plan  Number
FIP Implemented
Surcharge Imposed
Expiration Date of Collective Bargaining Agreement
National Electrical Benefit Fund
Not applicable (green-zone plan)
Not applicable (green-zone plan)
August 31, 2019

Committed Expenditures 
The Company from time to time commits to various contractual agreements that secure future rights to goods, services and other items to be used in the normal course of operations. These commitments include capital equipment purchases, sub-contractor services for the construction of residential properties and land purchases for the future construction of residential properties. The Company’s committed expenditures as of December 31, 2018, totaled $3,813,623 all of which is expected to be completed in 2019.
Legal Proceedings 
The Company is involved in various legal claims arising in the ordinary course of business. The Company has concluded that the ultimate disposition of these matters should not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations, or liquidity.