Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2020
|Organization Consolidation And Presentation Of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
Note 1 – Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The Goldfield Corporation (the “Company”) was incorporated in Wyoming in 1906 and subsequently reincorporated in Delaware in 1968. The Company’s principal line of business is the construction of electrical infrastructure for the utility industry and industrial customers, and to a lesser extent, real estate development. The principal market for the Company’s electrical construction operation is primarily in the Southeast, mid-Atlantic and Texas-Southwest regions of the United States. The Company’s real estate development operation is along the east coast of Central Florida.
Basis of Financial Statement Presentation
In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements include all adjustments necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position, results of operations, and changes in cash flows for the interim periods reported. These adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. All consolidated financial statements presented herein are unaudited with the exception of the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2019, which was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements. The results of operations for the interim periods shown in this report are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the year. These statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
The allowance for doubtful accounts is the Company’s best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses in the Company’s existing accounts receivable. The Company determines the allowance based on customer specific information and historical write-off experience. The Company reviews its allowance for doubtful accounts quarterly. Account balances are charged off against the allowance after reasonable means of collection have been exhausted and the potential for recovery is considered remote. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, upon its review, management determined it was not necessary to record an allowance for doubtful accounts due to the majority of accounts receivable being generated by electrical utility customers whom the Company considers creditworthy based on timely collection history and other considerations.
Use of Estimates
Management of the Company has made a number of estimates and assumptions relating to the reporting of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities to prepare these consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Management considers the most significant estimates in preparing these consolidated financial statements to be the estimated costs at completion of electrical construction contracts in progress.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company’s financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accrued billings, cash surrender value of life insurance policies, accounts payable and notes payable.
Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The fair value guidance establishes a valuation hierarchy, which requires maximizing the use of observable inputs when measuring fair value.
The three levels of inputs that may be used are:
Level 1 - Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 - Observable market based inputs or other observable inputs.
Level 3 - Significant unobservable inputs that cannot be corroborated by observable market data. These values are generally determined using valuation models incorporating management’s estimates of market participant assumptions.
Fair values of financial instruments are estimated through the use of public market prices, quotes from financial institutions, and other available information. Management considers the carrying amounts reported on the consolidated balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accrued billings, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, to approximate fair value due to the immediate or short-term maturity of these financial instruments. The carrying value of cash surrender value of life insurance is considered by management to approximate fair value as the carrying value is based on the current settlement value under the contract, as provided by the carrier and as such, is classified as Level 2.
Land and Land Development Costs and Residential Properties Under Construction
The costs of a land purchase and any development expenses up to the initial construction phase of any residential property development project are recorded under the asset “land and land development costs.” Once construction commences, both the land development costs and construction costs are recorded under the asset “residential properties under construction.” The assets “land and land development costs” and “residential properties under construction” relating to specific projects are recorded as current assets when the estimated project completion date is less than one year from the date of the consolidated financial statements, or as non-current assets when the estimated project completion date is one year or more from the date of the consolidated financial statements.
In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 360-10, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-lived Assets, land and residential properties under construction are reviewed by the Company for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. If the carrying amount or basis is not expected to be recovered, impairment losses are recorded and the related assets are adjusted to their estimated fair value. The fair value of an asset is the amount at which that asset could be bought or sold in a current transaction between willing parties, other than in a forced or liquidation sale. The Company also complies with ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement, which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. The Company did not record an impairment write-down to its land, land development costs or residential properties under construction carrying value for either of the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.
Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Intangible assets with finite useful lives recorded in connection with a historical acquisition are amortized over the term of the related contract or useful life, as applicable. Intangible assets held by the Company with finite useful lives include customer relationships and trademarks. The Company reviews the values recorded for intangible assets and goodwill to assess recoverability from future operations annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amounts may not be recoverable. As of December 31, 2019, the Company assessed the recoverability of its long-lived assets and goodwill, by reviewing relevant events and circumstances to evaluate the qualitative factors in addition to the quantitative impairment test. As a result, there was no impairment of the carrying amounts of such assets.
Certain amounts associated with Operating Leases previously presented under the caption “right of use asset amortization” on the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows have been reclassified to “operating leases” to conform to the change in the operating leases presentation on the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. This reclassification had no impact on the total amount of cash from operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2019.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, which eliminates Step 2 of the current goodwill impairment test. A goodwill impairment loss will instead be measured at the amount by which a reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the recorded amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. The provisions of this ASU are effective for years beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted for any impairment test performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company adopted ASU 2017-04 on January 1, 2020 and the adoption of this standard did not have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In June 2016 the FASB issued ASU-2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses. This update required immediate recognition of management’s estimates of current expected credit losses. This update was effective for the Company in the first quarter of 2020. The adoption of ASU 2016-13 did not have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU-2019-12, Income Taxes: Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which will be effective for the Company in fiscal year 2021. This update simplifies the accounting for interim period tax law changes and loss limitations, ownership changes in equity investments, intraperiod tax allocations and the step up of tax basis in goodwill that is not acquired during a business combination. ASU-2019-12 will be adopted in 2021 and is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
The Company did not incur significant disruptions to its operations during the first quarter of 2020 from COVID-19. At this time, the Company is unable to predict the impact that COVID-19 will have on its consolidated financial statements in future periods due to numerous uncertainties. The Company is closely monitoring its efforts to manage the impact of the pandemic on all aspects of the Company’s business and consolidated financial statements. Please refer to Item 1A. Risk Factors for an additional Risk Factor added by the Company regarding COVID-19.
The entire disclosure for the basis of presentation and significant accounting policies concepts. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS). Accounting policies describe all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef